Daily Usenet report for news.swapon.de

Aug 4 04:15:02 -- Aug 5 04:15:01

Unknown entries from news log file:

First 31 / 31 lines (100.0%)

Aug 4 04:15:06 h117691 nnrpd[13409]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 04:15:36 h117691 nnrpd[13537]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 04:16:36 h117691 nnrpd[13549]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 04:18:36 h117691 nnrpd[13622]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 04:22:36 h117691 nnrpd[13776]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 04:30:37 h117691 nnrpd[13946]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 04:46:37 h117691 nnrpd[14144]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 05:18:37 h117691 nnrpd[14673]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 06:18:37 h117691 nnrpd[15720]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 07:18:37 h117691 nnrpd[17061]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 08:18:37 h117691 nnrpd[18101]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 09:18:38 h117691 nnrpd[19140]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 10:18:39 h117691 nnrpd[20181]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 11:18:39 h117691 nnrpd[21214]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 12:18:40 h117691 nnrpd[22302]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 13:18:41 h117691 nnrpd[23341]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 14:18:42 h117691 nnrpd[24388]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 15:18:42 h117691 nnrpd[25427]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 16:18:43 h117691 nnrpd[26464]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 16:28:32 h117691 innd: filter: Valid cancel key 3t2UMQndtujg2/Xhr67dpRJelIs= found.
Aug 4 17:18:43 h117691 nnrpd[27769]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 18:18:44 h117691 nnrpd[28823]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 19:18:44 h117691 nnrpd[29891]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 20:18:44 h117691 nnrpd[30941]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 21:18:44 h117691 nnrpd[32035]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 22:18:45 h117691 nnrpd[689]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 4 23:18:46 h117691 nnrpd[1772]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 5 00:18:46 h117691 nnrpd[2860]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 5 01:18:47 h117691 nnrpd[3918]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 5 02:18:48 h117691 nnrpd[4989]: 2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)
Aug 5 03:18:49 h117691 nnrpd[6096]: exeter2.roellig-it.de rejected by rule (Please contact peering@swapon.de)

Log entries by program:

Program nameLines%LinesSize%Size
inn 14429 36.3%2.1 MB 38.9%
innd 9072 22.8%1.1 MB 19.8%
nnrpd 8725 21.9%1.1 MB 19.0%
innfeed 6814 17.1%1.1 MB 20.2%
cnfsstat 720 1.8%111.8 KB 2.0%
TOTAL: 5 39760 100.0%5.5 MB100.0%

Incoming Feeds (INN):

ServerConnectsOfferedTakenRefusedReject%AccptElapsed
1newsfeed.fu-berlin.de 9 1069 439 629 1 41%23:30:51
2feeder.eternal-september.org 2 704 221 483 0 31%19:30:23
32001:4dd0:200:306:119:1:0:4 10 1085 165 920 0 15%23:38:58
4feeders.news.weretis.net 15 2687 108 2578 1 4%47:21:41
5news-out.aioe.org 1 13798 94 3313 10391 0%23:57:32
6feeder-in1.iad1.usenetexpress.com 267 1351 93 1258 0 6%23:46:12
7news.mixmin.net 11 1268 80 1188 0 6%23:04:16
8swapon-out.feed.uzoreto.com 664 1808 31 1777 0 1%72:08:24
9news.freedyn.net 2 4934 17 2494 2423 0%23:59:53
10newsfeed.neva.ru 65 1286 7 1279 0 0%25:11:43
11askin-17.linkpendium.com 12 1012 5 1007 0 0%23:25:26
12newsfeed.in-chemnitz.de 13 1020 5 1014 1 0%23:13:23
13news.bbs.nz 8 1239 4 1235 0 0%23:43:29
14wieslauf.sub.de 19 668 3 665 0 0%20:21:21
15csiph.com 8 1330 2 1328 0 0%23:43:34
16news.leine.de 14 847 2 845 0 0%20:35:44
17goblin.stu.neva.ru 62 1296 2 1294 0 0%25:25:12
18gandalf.srv.welterde.de 7 1275 1 1274 0 0%23:43:32
19www.cgarbs.de 10 1028 1 1027 0 0%23:20:11
20news.fqdn.org 39 178 1 177 0 0%13:35:43
21feeder.erje.net 262 1012 1 1011 0 0%24:03:44
22news.lab.swapon.de 1 0 0 0 0 0%00:10:00
23news.nobody.at 7 1306 0 1306 0 0%23:43:33
24localhost 25 0 0 0 0 0%00:00:00
25news.nntp.de 13 894 0 894 0 0%20:36:07
26nntp.xusenet.com 445 501 0 501 0 0%22:37:29
27news.samoylyk.net 10 1060 0 1060 0 0%23:25:16
28news2.safe.ca 31 422 0 422 0 0%22:06:20
29news.fcku.it 1 0 0 0 0 0%00:10:02
30i2pn.org 9 1244 0 1244 0 0%23:52:36
TOTAL: 30 2042 46322 1282 32223 12817 2%688:02:35
Articles received by server

Incoming Volume (INN):

ServerAcceptVolDupVolRejVolTotalVol%AccVol/Art
1newsfeed.fu-berlin.de1.1 MB0.0 KB4.4 KB1.1 MB 99%2.6 KB
2feeder.eternal-september.org569.4 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB569.4 KB100%2.6 KB
32001:4dd0:200:306:119:1:0:4525.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB525.0 KB100%3.2 KB
4feeder-in1.iad1.usenetexpress.com352.7 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB352.7 KB100%3.8 KB
5feeders.news.weretis.net317.6 KB0.0 KB5.7 KB323.2 KB 98%3.0 KB
6news-out.aioe.org235.6 KB0.0 KB28.6 MB28.8 MB 0%2.8 KB
7news.mixmin.net178.6 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB178.6 KB100%2.2 KB
8swapon-out.feed.uzoreto.com122.2 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB122.2 KB100%3.9 KB
9news.freedyn.net53.3 KB0.0 KB11.2 MB11.3 MB 0%4.7 KB
10askin-17.linkpendium.com26.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB26.0 KB100%5.2 KB
11newsfeed.neva.ru21.8 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB21.8 KB100%3.1 KB
12goblin.stu.neva.ru15.8 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB15.8 KB100%7.9 KB
13newsfeed.in-chemnitz.de11.2 KB0.0 KB1.6 KB12.9 KB 87%2.1 KB
14news.bbs.nz6.1 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB6.1 KB100%1.5 KB
15wieslauf.sub.de6.1 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB6.1 KB100%2.0 KB
16news.leine.de5.4 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB5.4 KB100%2.7 KB
17www.cgarbs.de4.8 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB4.8 KB100%4.8 KB
18feeder.erje.net3.3 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB3.3 KB100%3.3 KB
19csiph.com2.8 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB2.8 KB100%1.4 KB
20gandalf.srv.welterde.de2.3 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB2.3 KB100%2.3 KB
21news.fqdn.org2.2 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB2.2 KB100%2.2 KB
22news.lab.swapon.de0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB 0%0
23news.nobody.at0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB 0%0
24localhost0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB 0%0
25news.nntp.de0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB 0%0
26nntp.xusenet.com0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB 0%0
27news.samoylyk.net0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB 0%0
28news2.safe.ca0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB 0%0
29news.fcku.it0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB 0%0
30i2pn.org0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB 0%0
TOTAL: 303.5 MB0.0 KB39.8 MB43.3 MB 8%3.1 KB
Incoming Volume received by server

Incoming articles:

DateArticles%ArtsArt/secSize%SizeKB/sec
Aug 4 04:15:02 - 04:59:59 10 0.7% 0.0026.7 KB 0.7% 0.01
Aug 4 05:00:00 - 05:59:59 14 1.0% 0.0090.6 KB 2.3% 0.03
Aug 4 06:00:00 - 06:59:59 25 1.9% 0.0175.9 KB 2.0% 0.02
Aug 4 07:00:00 - 07:59:59 17 1.3% 0.0073.0 KB 1.9% 0.02
Aug 4 08:00:00 - 08:59:59 35 2.6% 0.01112.1 KB 2.9% 0.03
Aug 4 09:00:00 - 09:59:59 41 3.0% 0.01101.6 KB 2.6% 0.03
Aug 4 10:00:00 - 10:59:59 75 5.6% 0.02179.9 KB 4.6% 0.05
Aug 4 11:00:00 - 11:59:59 68 5.0% 0.02160.7 KB 4.1% 0.04
Aug 4 12:00:00 - 12:59:59 61 4.5% 0.02274.8 KB 7.1% 0.08
Aug 4 13:00:00 - 13:59:59 75 5.6% 0.02178.8 KB 4.6% 0.05
Aug 4 14:00:00 - 14:59:59 74 5.5% 0.02185.3 KB 4.8% 0.05
Aug 4 15:00:00 - 15:59:59 63 4.7% 0.02158.8 KB 4.1% 0.04
Aug 4 16:00:00 - 16:59:59 77 5.7% 0.02207.6 KB 5.3% 0.06
Aug 4 17:00:00 - 17:59:59 82 6.1% 0.02259.8 KB 6.7% 0.07
Aug 4 18:00:00 - 18:59:59 80 5.9% 0.02205.5 KB 5.3% 0.06
Aug 4 19:00:00 - 19:59:59 91 6.7% 0.03210.7 KB 5.4% 0.06
Aug 4 20:00:00 - 20:59:59 80 5.9% 0.02231.8 KB 6.0% 0.06
Aug 4 21:00:00 - 21:59:59 87 6.4% 0.02245.6 KB 6.3% 0.07
Aug 4 22:00:00 - 22:59:59 88 6.5% 0.02229.3 KB 5.9% 0.06
Aug 4 23:00:00 - 23:59:59 57 4.2% 0.02178.4 KB 4.6% 0.05
Aug 5 00:00:00 - 00:59:59 54 4.0% 0.01135.5 KB 3.5% 0.04
Aug 5 01:00:00 - 01:59:59 43 3.2% 0.01158.9 KB 4.1% 0.04
Aug 5 02:00:00 - 02:59:59 32 2.4% 0.01120.5 KB 3.1% 0.03
Aug 5 03:00:00 - 03:59:59 18 1.3% 0.0173.3 KB 1.9% 0.02
Aug 5 04:00:00 - 04:15:01 4 0.3% 0.0011.5 KB 0.3% 0.01
TOTAL: 23:59:59 1351 100.0% 0.023.8 MB 100.0% 0.04
Incoming articles
Incoming articles (size)

CNFS buffer status:

BufferClassSizeUsed%UsedCyclesKB/secDays
BIN1BIN2.0 GB765.2 MB 38.3% 0 0.00 0.00
COMP1COMP2.0 GB1.0 GB 52.7% 3 0.22 108.23
DE1DE2.0 GB583.0 MB 29.1% 5 0.19 126.28
MISC1MISC200.0 MB124.4 MB 62.2% 1 0.00 0.00
REGIO1REGIO500.0 MB962.6 KB 0.2% 0 0.00 0.00
TOTAL: 5-6.5 GB2.5 GB 37.7% 9 0.20-

Sites sending bad articles:

ServerTotalGroupDistDuplicUnappTooOldSiteLineOther
1news-out.aioe.org 10439 10320 0 0 0 0 0 0 119
2news.freedyn.net 2423 2342 0 0 0 0 0 0 81
3newsfeed.fu-berlin.de 209 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 209
4newsfeed.in-chemnitz.de 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5news.mixmin.net 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
6feeder.erje.net 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
7feeders.news.weretis.net 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
TOTAL: 7 13075 12663 0 0 0 0 0 0 412

Unwanted newsgroups [Top 20]:

NewsgroupCount
free.usenet 1043
alt.atheism 423
alt.arts.poetry.comments 375
it.politica 303
linux.debian.changes.devel 243
rec.arts.drwho 233
rec.food.cooking 231
sci.electronics.design 225
uk.d-i-y 216
relcom.hot-news 206
rec.arts.tv 178
linux.debian.bugs.dist 169
alt.usage.english 153
alt.fan.rush-limbaugh 148
it.hobby.fai-da-te 143
free.pt 140
sci.physics 138
ger.ct 137
alt.checkmate 137
nl.politiek 136
TOTAL: 708 12663

INND Perl filter [Top 20]:

ReasonCount
Binary in non-binary group 71
EMP (md5) 45
EMP (phl) 12
Scoring filter (8) 4
Scoring filter (10) 2
Scoring filter (16) 2
Cancel of non-existing ID <qi6k8q$1vrv$1@gallifrey.nk.ca> 1
Cancel of non-existing ID <0f6e843c-de5b-49cb-bdb7-41c1aef284e4@googlegroups.com> 1
Cancel of non-existing ID <N3I1F.144627$ej3.54632@fx36.iad> 1
Supersedes of non-existing ID <HELP.it.hobby.satellite-tv.18081@id.news.nic.it> 1
Supersedes of non-existing ID <de-newusers-infos/einleitung/20190804-1@msgid.krell.zikzak.de> 1
Supersedes of non-existing ID <20190804c@crcomp.net> 1
Supersedes of non-existing ID <HELP.it.comp.grafica.18081@id.news.nic.it> 1
Cancel of non-existing ID <5096c5b5-7d15-4ef5-95bd-048b2f0ffdef@googlegroups.com> 1
Cancel of non-existing ID <5068d789-e4c5-41c4-8fbb-81fcdf94aa9b@googlegroups.com> 1
Supersedes of non-existing ID <HELP.it.fan.stephen-king.18081@id.news.nic.it> 1
Cancel of non-existing ID <qi7ao2$1h7k$1@gioia.aioe.org> 1
Supersedes of non-existing ID <HELP.it.annunci.usato.motociclismo.18081@id.news.nic.it> 1
Too many newsgroups 1
Supersedes of non-existing ID <HELP.it.tlc.gestori.18081@id.news.nic.it> 1
TOTAL: 72 202

Outgoing Feeds (innfeed) by Articles:

ServerOfferedTakenRefusedRejectMissSpool%TookElapsed
1lab.swapon.de 892 891 0 0 0 0 99%20:36:08
2fqdn.org 1002 716 174 0 0 0 71%20:36:07
3xusenet.com 1265 639 429 197 0 9 50%23:43:10
4lindneronline.de 1572 405 857 0 0 0 25%23:30:33
5eternal-september.org 1254 354 623 0 0 0 28%22:59:29
6erje.net 1320 325 891 38 0 0 24%23:30:36
7cgarbs.de 1775 321 940 0 0 1 18%23:31:09
8in-chemnitz.de 1415 305 923 30 0 0 21%23:30:33
9roellig-ltd.de 1393 304 958 0 0 0 21%23:30:42
10samoylyk.net 1884 288 974 0 0 0 15%23:30:48
11fu-berlin.de 845 272 573 0 0 0 32%23:09:12
12linkpendium.com 1859 271 975 8 0 0 14%23:30:40
13netcologne.de 1141 265 835 0 0 0 23%23:05:35
14wieslauf.sub.de 1432 226 662 0 0 0 15%20:36:37
15bbs.nz 2359 103 1155 0 0 0 4%23:31:09
16i2pn.org 2218 55 1202 5 0 0 2%23:30:51
17leine.de 1115 40 833 16 0 0 3%20:36:21
18aioe.org 1651 31 1157 0 0 0 1%23:20:03
19welterde.de 1667 28 1234 0 0 0 1%23:30:30
20nobody.at 2027 20 1242 0 0 0 0%23:30:42
21csiph.com 2143 17 1243 0 0 0 0%23:30:47
22freedyn.net 1642 8 1241 0 0 0 0%23:23:31
23uzoreto.com 1565 6 1203 22 0 0 0%23:17:53
24mixmin.net 1505 5 1193 0 0 0 0%23:30:31
25weretis.net 1461 3 1155 0 0 0 0%23:09:48
26neva.ru 2115 2 1235 25 0 0 0%23:30:43
27albasani.net 0 0 0 0 0 1263 0%24:00:10
28mb-net.net 0 0 0 0 0 891 0%24:00:08
29stack.nl 0 0 0 0 0 1263 0%24:00:08
30usenetexpress.com 0 0 0 0 0 1144 0%24:00:08
31fcku.it 1412 0 988 274 0 0 0%23:30:27
TOTAL: 31 41929 5900 24895 615 0 4571 14%717:15:09
Outgoing feeds (innfeed) by Articles

Outgoing Feeds (innfeed) by Volume:

ServerAcceptVolRejectVolTotalVolVolume/secVol/ArtElapsed
1lab.swapon.de2.1 MB0.0 KB2.1 MB0.0 KB/s2.4 KB20:36:08
2fqdn.org1.7 MB0.0 KB1.7 MB0.0 KB/s2.4 KB20:36:07
3xusenet.com1.6 MB507.4 KB2.1 MB0.0 KB/s2.5 KB23:43:10
4lindneronline.de1.2 MB0.0 KB1.2 MB0.0 KB/s3.0 KB23:30:33
5in-chemnitz.de1003.7 KB51.3 KB1.0 MB0.0 KB/s3.1 KB23:30:33
6erje.net939.9 KB131.7 KB1.0 MB0.0 KB/s3.0 KB23:30:36
7cgarbs.de931.4 KB0.0 KB931.4 KB0.0 KB/s2.9 KB23:31:09
8roellig-ltd.de899.6 KB0.0 KB899.6 KB0.0 KB/s3.0 KB23:30:42
9samoylyk.net858.3 KB0.0 KB858.3 KB0.0 KB/s3.0 KB23:30:48
10eternal-september.org803.9 KB0.0 KB803.9 KB0.0 KB/s2.3 KB22:59:29
11fu-berlin.de786.8 KB0.0 KB786.8 KB0.0 KB/s2.9 KB23:09:12
12linkpendium.com780.6 KB23.5 KB804.1 KB0.0 KB/s2.9 KB23:30:40
13netcologne.de767.8 KB0.0 KB767.8 KB0.0 KB/s2.9 KB23:05:35
14wieslauf.sub.de707.2 KB0.0 KB707.2 KB0.0 KB/s3.1 KB20:36:37
15bbs.nz291.7 KB0.0 KB291.7 KB0.0 KB/s2.8 KB23:31:09
16i2pn.org170.0 KB13.6 KB183.6 KB0.0 KB/s3.1 KB23:30:51
17leine.de111.5 KB70.0 KB181.5 KB0.0 KB/s3.2 KB20:36:21
18welterde.de106.4 KB0.0 KB106.4 KB0.0 KB/s3.8 KB23:30:30
19nobody.at89.3 KB0.0 KB89.3 KB0.0 KB/s4.5 KB23:30:42
20aioe.org78.9 KB0.0 KB78.9 KB0.0 KB/s2.5 KB23:20:03
21freedyn.net55.4 KB0.0 KB55.4 KB0.0 KB/s6.9 KB23:23:31
22mixmin.net48.0 KB0.0 KB48.0 KB0.0 KB/s9.6 KB23:30:31
23csiph.com45.0 KB0.0 KB45.0 KB0.0 KB/s2.6 KB23:30:47
24uzoreto.com14.7 KB57.7 KB72.4 KB0.0 KB/s2.6 KB23:17:53
25weretis.net9.6 KB0.0 KB9.6 KB0.0 KB/s3.2 KB23:09:48
26neva.ru6.7 KB59.2 KB65.9 KB0.0 KB/s2.4 KB23:30:43
27albasani.net0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB/s024:00:10
28mb-net.net0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB/s024:00:08
29stack.nl0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB/s024:00:08
30usenetexpress.com0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB0.0 KB/s024:00:08
31fcku.it0.0 KB789.1 KB789.1 KB0.0 KB/s2.9 KB23:30:27
TOTAL: 3115.9 MB1.7 MB17.6 MB0.0 KB/s2.8 KB717:15:09
Outgoing feeds (innfeed) by Volume

NNRP total resource statistics [Top 20]:

SystemUser(ms)System(ms)Idle(ms)Elapsed
2a01:4f8:141:63::2 0.016 0.032 0.00000:20:02
2a01:4f8:222:f41::80 23.076 45.776 0.00000:03:47
2a01:4f8:202:1f4::2 0.112 0.236 0.00000:00:04
exeter2.roellig-it.de 0.112 0.236 0.00000:00:01
worker-18.sfj.corp.censys.io 0.012 0.012 0.00000:00:00
scan-141.security.ipip.net 0.004 0.020 0.00000:00:00
TOTAL: 6 23.332 46.312 0.00000:23:57

NNRP unrecognized commands (by host):

SystemConn
scan-141.security.ipip.net 4
TOTAL: 1 4

NNRP unrecognized commands (by command):

CommandCount
Connection: close 1
GET / HTTP/1.1 1
User-Agent: HTTP Banner Detection (https... 1
Host: 81.169.139.143:119 1
TOTAL: 4 4

NNRP client timeouts [Top 20]:

SystemConnPeer
worker-18.sfj.corp.censys.io 1 1
TOTAL: 1 1 1